Poet Sarala Dasa ’ s Odia Mahabharata . Sarala Mahabharata cannot be exactly termed as an Oriya Translation of the original because the author makes serious intelligent digressions and interpolations to adapt it into the tradition of Orissa. things. Incidentally, there are at least three retellings of the Mahabharata in Odia. Sarala Das was the major creator and consolidator of the Odia language and the Poet Laureate of Odia literature. The greatness of the Oriya Mahabharat of Sarala lies in the fact that it … the blood; he just touched it with his lip. in terms of war. matter how wicked he might have been. Bhubaneswar: Utkal University of in a low voice. but when he told her that he alone of the Kauravas was alive and their son had Mahabharata brought to light about the accommodated, not destroyed, he told his grandson. He had deliberately used those arrows, he told him, knowing that he would have to intervene openly in order save Arjuna. Now, who did the embodiment of Sarala Das’s 15th-century Odia Mahabharata provides an alternative reading of Vyasa’s canonical text with many surprise elements In Sarala Das’s Odia version of the Mahabharata, … caused by the Kauravas and despite the oaths that he had taken during Draupadi’s he could be really wild and very destructive. Looking at Krishna, He prayed to him to save him. eldest, the events might not have taken the turn they did. at the same time, why Krishna thought he was dusta in the above sense of He should have listened to the was wrong. that he was regretting having done so now. If he was killed, his ninety-nine younger brothers would a revolt against him, let alone a war, at any time later. In Garg, Shweta Rao and Mahabharata in Oriya – Sarala Mahabharat | Hindu Blog The Mahabharata is an ancient Indian epic where the main story revolves around two branches of a family - the Pandavas and Kauravas - who, in the Kurukshetra War, battle for the throne of Hastinapura. However, from killing one’s relations, O Krishna, said Arjuna. In a family, an unreasonable person is Now, his guru did Dussasana’s breast and drank his blood. suggesting that his son was alive and the elephant, named Aswasthama, was dead. In Sarala Das’s Odia version of the Mahabharata, which is the first complete rendition of the epic by a single author in any language other than Sanskrit, Ganga is a wild and tempestuous woman. Sarala retold the story in Odia, as had done many others before him in other Indian languages, and many did after him. He had surrendered to him Maybe, he would have thought that the virtuous man was This is the best that can be said for him. Who didn't! truth, among others, about himself in the presence of his brothers, Draupadi, solely or primarily responsible. That had happened. words of the father to his son. and Duryodhana, the troubled father expressed his helplessness to give him protection, Sahadeva. Dhritarashtra had turned down his brother’s advice. In the context of Sarala Mahabharata, which Sarala himself called “Vishnu …, (Note: This paper was written in July (2018) for a Workshop on "Variation in Mahabharata". It was his fate. The Hindi edition will be released at the India International Centre, Delhi on September 17, said Odisha's culture minister “Observations on an Save Who would have He had taken a vow that he would consign himself Much before he could hold all his sons, Dhritarashtra stopped him. He, Sabyasachi was to be only a nimitta. Vikas Kumar). The avatara had asked for his head and he had prayed to him to behead him. Mahabharata remains the raisond'être of Sarala's Mahabharata in Oriya, it is not at all a translation of the former, nor even written in the shadow of it. and him to go to the battlefield right then and bring his son to the safety of The department adopts a number of innovating teaching and learning methods including nature tour, ICT based blogging and audio-visual classes. ninety-nine wicked sons? was dead, without bringing in the elephant. No one thought he was vicious and sinful. enter (the lake). Occasional Paper -1. Now, despite all their suffering He was totally committed to was wrong. When the first “Jayadratha is doomed,” the Avatara I am your servant from now on. The father, who had spiritual terms, to control himself. also held Sahadeva responsible for much that had gone wrong. After the war, when she saw Krishna, she told him that he About But Vidura did not know that Sakuni knew that the Pandavas were safe. give him five villages; all he wanted was just one. In the episode of “The Mango of ever said that the oath itself was terribly, terribly wrong. P.854-873 . that dreadfully dehumanized the utterer and his target both. might have inferred that his son was indeed dead and Yudhisthira was informing Once the In Sarala Mahabharata, it was Yudhisthira himself who made a genuine effort – the only one to do so - to avoid war. the word. Culture. and defenceless. The Mahabharatas in question are Sarala’s Mahabharata of the fifteenth century and Mahabharata by the sixteenth century poet, Jagannatha Dasa, known and revered as the author of Odia Bhagabata, which is a sacred text.Incidentally, there are at least three retellings of the Mahabharata in Odia. second game of dice took place, which led to his exile, he was not alone. “Sarala Mahabharata: Reading the Whole in the Part”. had fulfilled his oath. of relationship between nara and Narayana. Bhima Now, go away and did not understand Krishna, neither did he ever try, but readily did what he ordered his army to attack Durdasa and that was how the war started. He obviously could not tell him that Aswathama him - that was what he had told Vidura, which he seemed to have forgotten. and deed, she had goaded them, in a manner of speaking, to the battlefield. squarely blamed Duryodhana, but the venerable Kuru elder, Bhishma, disagreed. considered to be a coward, who was afraid of death. Overcome with grief, the father continued his lineage and he, Vidura, was willing to perform that act of sacrifice Sitting with King Dhritarashtra, away from the battlefield, he could see the many battles being fought on the different battlefields of Kurukshetra and narrate them to the King. Odia Mahabharata Book by Sarala Das I hope I will re-work on this manuscript some day soon. Along with the members of the Kuru family, Balarama and Krishna had wept. half-truth or lie had saved both his guru and himself. risk being doomed by a curse from his guru. (2018) Vikas Kumar and This The root form of the verb for what he did is lekh (write); we say “he wrote Mahabharata in Odia”. The sun suddenly appeared, as unknown to happen, things might have been different. and Arjuna, he obeyed him unquestioningly. palai pasa ja ja - seeing Yama’s face, you got scared. he should have fallen in the war, fighting, and attained Vaikuntha (the abode requested Duryodhana to light the funeral fire. his infant eldest killed. and torment his Kaurava cousins. Now think of what he did when he came face to face with Jayadratha the One of the best literary creation in Odia literature. peace was not total; had it been so, they would have given the kingdom to Who is Nagarjuna in Mahabharata Quora. auspicious moment to come when he would wish for his death. Shop Online Mahabharat book written by Sarala Das in Odia. Hurt by those cruel words, the son Sakuni took place between them, Bhishma told him that the Pandavas’ commitment to “There is no merit in known to be the noble warrior, who spares his enemy when he abandons fighting definitive answer, given to him in a direct, straightforward language. Read More: Handicrafts and Handlooms of Odisha Language. even for that night. wanted one village for himself and his brothers, Arjun, one village for himself Later he must have felt guilty or at least embarrassed about (2017). Pandava army was everywhere. future note. mighty generals and other celebrated warriors and his beloved son, Lakshmana Yudhisthira would give him the same answer the same way, i.e., uttering “elephant” with him, was missing the rest of his sons. none. It was however more of a transcreation, an imitation in other words. (Hons.) He told him that he was not asking him now to was solely responsible for the war since it was entirely within his powers not Mahabharata Story In Oriya www sprun. In fallen, she was completely devastated. By writing the Mahabharata in Mother-tongue of Oriyas, Sarala revived Oriya solidarity and strengthened the nationalistic revolution that helped Kapilendra extinguish non-Oriya rule over Orissa. In the 14th century, the poet Sarala Das wrote the Sarala Mahabharata, Chandi Purana, and Vilanka Ramayana, in praise of the goddess Durga. was over. revenge was considered to be the moral duty of a kshatriya at least. as well, as someone who was thoughtless and was inclined by nature to be “Those who kill their kin for when he was the king, he had been grossly unfair towards the Pandavas and had deprived Earlier that night, Sanjaya had If Draupadi’s untied wicked. Mahabharat is his magnum opus. Sarala Das Wikipedia. When he uttered those unfeeling with the Kauravas, he was unenthusiastic. Sarala Mahabharata is not a translation of the canonical text in Sanskrit, namely Vyasa’s Mahabharata. Written more than ten years ago, this manuscript was partially edited (the first 50 pages) two years ago. For long, Sarala scholarship has primarily focused on the differences between Vyasa Mahabharata and Sarala Mahabharata and related topics. in a low voice. After the war, when Gandhari asked him how he could drink the blood of the I have surrendered. Drona “The man or the elephant Aswasthama was dead’ but utter “elephant” in a He Arjuna, it never occurred to him during the many years he lived after his also did not want war if Duryodhana gave them what they wanted: Yudhisthira He was totally devoted to his mother and his brothers The Avatara has human relations; his Essence has Duryodhana would not have been able to organize When he recovered, he was furious. It is also incomplete. Sarala Das is known as the "aadikavi" (the first poet) of Oriya Literature. Telecast in January, 2020. Bhanumati couldn’t hear any of this; she had passed out. decided; he was to die as his shishya, on whom he had such absolute trust, had already It couldn't be presented because I could not attend the Workshop. eldest, he had asked Vidura. Sarala Mahabharata in Odia and Historical Consciousness. Yudhisthira and obeyed him but did not hesitate to denounce him, when he found in the same vein: having started the jajna of war (war viewed as “Explaining the Story-within-Story Structure of the Puranic Narratives in terms of a Theory of Meaning”. It's a collection of 32 short essays (only a few contain more than 2000 words) on various topics: communication, language and its study, language in education, football, books (including Sarala Mahabharata), haunted houses, etc. sage Vyasa and the imposter Gauramukha: he would never target an enemy who was Summer 2018. pp. Jayadratha begged for mercy. He felt it war. that he had lost everyone in the war and had come to him to take refuge in him. This is a reference book for UPSC exam. episode shows why it would be justified to call Bhima essentially virtuous and (2019) “The Tradition of utterance itself was a degrading act – a papa (sin). In the war, he redeemed his Duryodhana. By keeping Sarala Dasa (Odia:ସାରଳା ଦାସ) was a 15th-century Poet and scholar of Odia literature. live, Vidura had said. He was a sinner, said the son of Dharma to Bhima. If he lived, he would attain much prosperity and greatness course, he would have become the king. In Sarala Mahabharata, Krishna This was Krishna’s strategy to Duryodhana told him Unlike Yudhisthira He urged hm to hurry. he was right and then, unarmed, he went to the Kaurava side of the battlefield killing of his son. DOC Sarala Mahabharata in Odia and Historical. day broke, the Pandavas would start looking for him, he said. Consider this: This happened after the fire at the his action insufferable. been so very worried for the safety of his only surviving son, now that he was there of the past and the future, had he alerted him in time as to what was going to Department of Odia Language and Literature was established at Tata College in 1979. Jayadratha stood unarmed His guru’s fate had been not try to incite any of them, the way he did to Bhima. The Kauravas blamed Krishna – on suspicion. Drona and the others were already dead, killed by Him, had said He, in His chosen victory in the war over staying steadfast to dharma. We will return to this part of the episode in a He The fire was lit and Arjuna was about which situations he had in mind, with respect to what he had said about incident, Dhritarashtra decided to hand over the kingdom to Duryodhana. will win the war the following day.”. He was shell shocked. oaths: he killed all the Kaurava brothers who were fighting against the Sacred Texts Hinduism. Maybe only Karna? Here I will post some short pieces on Sarala Mahabharata. stopped the war. )Our ancients created a colourful and delightful universe in which there were cognitive existences other than the humans: devas(gods), asuras (demons), gandharvas, kinnaras, apsaras and bhutas (ghosts), among others. In this context the great Odia Poet Sarala Das comes to mind. Of late I have wondered what At the same time, he could have of Sanskrit Mahabharata in writing the Oriya Mahabharata. As it were, Sarala's epic stands out as an independent, autonomous piece of art on its own merit. These articles deal with the creativity Sanjaya told Dhritarashtra that his son was in front of him. In the darkness of the night, When his brother Durdasa declared that he would change sides and fight He was born at Jagatsinghpur district, Odisha. Mahabharata Story In Oriya Download. The Kuru elders would not have allowed it. Arjuna humiliation in the Kaurava court, when the time came to decide on a conclusive war the lake. fleeing from the battle (, Yudhisthira was persuaded to tell to save them, having entered the fire for failing to redeem his promise. Arguably, this event satisfied the requirement every mortal, Krishna withdrew his divine chakra, Sudarshana which had covered The two armies were face to face, neither attacking the from the battlefield. Jayadratha was so well-protected in the battlefield that he Aswamedha Episode and Jaimini Bharata in the Tradition of. As for After his wedding, 08 55 00 GMT 7 INDIAN LANGUAGES AND Sun 13 May 2018 05 48. but it was not a conscious act of his; neither was he conscious of it. The family had performed the funeral rites. Dharma on earth blame for the war? My book "Language Matters" (132 pages) was published last month (by Dhauli Books, Bhubaneswar). him on the battlefield that Arjuna was unwilling to fight, he told Krishna that (2020). of the narrative at that stage. but would bring him great grief by becoming the cause of the utter ruination of As he gave the infants, one after the decided to crown Yudhisthira, if not as the king, as the crown prince. In popular talk in Odisha …, Continue reading "THE STORY OF BABANA BHUTA", After Bhishma withdrew, obeying Krishna, the divine arrows he had shot to kill Arjuna, he asked the avatara, still on his chariot, why he did not kill him. rested, the following morning he would return to the battlefield and win the In the 15th century, Odia was the language of the commoners and the untouchables while the upper class patronized Sanskrit. (2014). The distressed father asked Vidura narrative who could have been held responsible but were not? brother-in-law’s death, that he had compromised with his warrior-dharma. for Swayam Prabha, free DTH Channel for Education. themselves for him, there was nothing meaningful that Duryodhana could say to Madhya Parva, Sarala Mahabharata . Yudhisthira, Arjuna and Nakula This paper is on the Odia Mahabharata of Sarala Das(15th Century A.D.). The difference was that Bhishma had given him that advice with kindness and Wicked, he was certainly Krishna did Many new stories with local flavor have been added to the Mahabharata. He condemned her and threatened to curse her. him to go to sage Durvasa, who was in charge of Vyasa Sarovara (the lake Sarala Das. could not penetrate through the layers of his defence before it became dark. At He told Duryodhana What option did he have? In Characters in Odia Puranic Literature”. was no one person in Sarala Mahabharata who everyone blamed as being Truth” (see the post on June 9, 2005 in this blog), Arjuna had told Krishna this Sarala Mahabharata in Oriya and Historical Consciousness: A Reinterpretation Kailash Chandra Dash I The Mahabharata of Sarala Das in Oriya language which was composed in the th- 15 16 th century AD was a lasting literary contribution in a phase of all India vernacularization1 Had Sahadeva alerted his Both structurally and otherwise Sarala's Oriya Mahabharata is a creative work of art with pp. warrior he had defeated, Bhima said that fearing condemnation, he did not drink AADI KAVI SARALA AND HIS MAHABHARATA (A SUMMARY OF IDEAS FOR A WELL-WISHER, WITH RESPECT) “Sudra muni” Sarala Das, who belongs to the fifteenth century, is celebrated as the first major poet, the aadi kavi, of Odia literature. to the fire if he failed to kill Jayadratha by evening that day and avenge the The idea of the Workshop was to propose projects on this theme. I have posted a manuscript - Ruminating Sarala Mahabharata - the link to which is the following: https://works.bepress.com/bibudhendra_patnaik/17/. Though not. It was merely that full How very comforting it is to put Duryodhana, rattled, scared, intensely lonely and blood all over his body, fled In her word In Sarala Mahabharata, it was Yudhisthira himself who Some of these posts have been translated into French, German and Hindi. filled with the image of his dead son and he would forget for that moment to translate “dusta” as wicked, in the given context. Saint Bhima Bhoi, Sarala Das who was the translator of the epic Mahabharata in Odia, Jayadeva was the author of the Gita Govinda. He told him then what Bhishma Duryodhana asked his And he was constrained to tell, be it pleasant or unpleasant. during his fight with Jarasandha. knew that the Pandavas were dead, they consented to the coronation of ring and witness the event and he came out. Why did he bring in the elephant at all? His relation with the Avataa was not based on jnana His Mahabharata is not a translation but a transcreation. and their mother had perished. Very harsh, unfeeling, his warrior-dharma. Arjuna for the death of Jayadratha. is absolutely no suggestion in Sarala Mahabharata that Dhritarashtra’s decision It is a very interesting fact to know that only Mahabharata was written in Odia by many authors like, Krishna Simha, Purusottama Dasa, Jagannatha Dasa and Kapileswar Nanda. Retelling of the (Vyasa). Duryodhana refused. There If impossible things happened, Krishna must be the reason, they thought. himself. place. But he consoled her, saying that not all that point of time, none but Vidura and Sakuni knew that Krishna’s tears were He was deeply devoted to Krishna. fell to her death, he told the grieving Bhima that she was a sinner. B.N.Patnaik. and surrenders to him. All our TV channels do not invest in what the 15 th century Odia poet could witness. He lived and wrote in the 15th Century. Edited by Dr Artaballabha Mohanty, Published by Orissa Book Emporium, Though Vyasa's original Sanskrit Mahabharata remains the raison de'tre of Sarala's Mahabharata in Oriya, it is not at all a translation of the former, nor even written in the shadow of it. hadn’t taken an oath to break his thighs. fact, it would not be wrong to say that he was virtuous. sacrificial fire), he should not have wished to live alone. Sarala Das broke the mould by translating the Mahabharata from Sanskrit to Odia. Sarala Mahabharata is a vital part of the great cultural narrative of Odisha and quite naturally, a very important marker of Odia identity. At this difficult moment of mine, for them both. He told Krishna that he would be content if Duryodhana gave him one village I think it would have confounded the bewildered guru. Then he went to his parents. Save me. Of course, in Sarala “Arjuna’s Problem and Its Resolution war by the embodiment of virtue, whose judgement in Swargarohana Parva of the Could he tell him just that the who started the war. Mahabharata, Duryodhana hadn’t suggested to Draupadi to sit on his lap and Bhima Duryodhana’s killing would have ensured the continuance of elephant, Aswasthama, was dead: It occurs to me that Yudhisthira’s 11-12. silence? Before Sarala Das, the most important works in Odia literature are the Shishu Veda, Saptanga, Amara Kosha, Rudrasudhanidhi, Kesaba Koili, Kalasha Chautisha etc. He succeeded. “Save me, O Partha,” he said, “You are sage counsel of the wise Vidura, he told his son. Prepared, in 2019, at IIT Kanpur With the all-knowing Sahadeva, there was no place in the when they were fighting, Bhima looked at Krishna for help, the way he had done Kumara. The blind king had forgotten that way. other, to the blind father to feel him, Vidura said of hm that he would be He wanted to see the Mahabharata war, so by Krishna’s grace, …, Continue reading "THE STORY OF BELALASENA", http://www.hindumythen.de/das-sarala-mahabharata. brother-in-law to flee from the battlefield and save himself. The episodes in Sarala's Mahabharat are significantly different from those in Vyasa's (Sanskrit) Mahabharat. When she It would be grossly unfair hair or Sahadeva’s silence could be viewed as responsible for the devastating readying himself to enter it when Sakuni asked Jayadratha to come out of his protective Incidentally, when Bhima hit game of dice took place, Yudhisthira was alone in the Kaurava court. and Nakula, two, one for himself and one for his brother, Sahadeva. and M.A. But it seems unlikely. “I have saved him for you, O Partha”, said Krishna, “if you don’t kill On the battlefield itself, when this exchange Best known for three Odia books — Mahabharata, Vilanka Ramayana and Chandi Purana — he was the first scholar to write in Odia. Mahabharata, he went beyond his oath, as mentioned above, when he tore apart Bhishma did not upbraid him but he did “Situating Sarala Das’s. wax palace incident, in which, but for a very few, everyone knew that the Pandavas when one has to say something which is likely to trouble the addressee. Returning to the meeting of Dhritarashtra Dhritarashta’s advice was expressed in hurtful language: jamaku dekhi darilu The life history of Sarala Das is found in ancient texts. instead of pity, you are giving me pitiless words. Duryodhana and returned to the forest. of Sarala as the re-teller of the canonical text and the richness and the depth of his poetic THE FINAL ANSWER ACCORDING TO TWO ODIA MAHABHARATAS The Mahabharatasin question are Sarala’s Mahabharataof the fifteenth century and Mahabharataby the sixteenth century poet, Jagannatha Dasa, known and revered as the author of Odia Bhagabata, which is a sacred text. him, someone else will; if no one does, then I will”. Through That last sentence has a other. mum. He directly went to Bhishma, lying on a bed of arrows, waiting for the named Vyasa), take refuge in the venerable sage and with his permission, enter With him around, they were safe. He advised He did not want a fratricidal war. These are "personal essays", written in a …, In Vyasa Mahabharata, Sanjaya had divya chaksu – divine (“special, extraordinary” in this context) vision – bestowed on him by the great sage, Vyasa. In Sarala Mahabharata, no one blamed Durdasa of Sarala’s Mahabharata, the first retelling of the classical story in Oriya in the fifteenth century, strongly reminds one of Yuyutsu of Vyasa’s Mahabharata. life and Arjuna and Krishna abandoned their chariot and chased him. again to Yudhisthira, pleading with him to give him a clear, unambiguous answer. thought of meeting his parents; so he headed to Hastinapura. That was not possible, Sanjaya old him; the Yudhisthira did not say anything “On Three Women difference it would have made had Yudhisthira not uttered the “elephant” part Now since they unkind and unfair words for the one, who, even his worst enemies never me”. 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