Startled by the American response, the Japanese quickly released their bombs, made a cursory strafing run, and left to return to their carriers. Adak Island is way out there, so far at the end of the Aleutian archipelago in the Bering Sea that it shares a time zone with Hawaii instead of its own state. 1982. The Japanese campaign coincided with the more well-known Battle of Midway. 2. Alaskan-owned Norquest-Adak Seafood Co. processes Pacific cod, pollock, mackerel, halibut, albacore and brown king crab. As of June 1, 1942, United States military strength in Alaska stood at 45,000 men, with about 13,000 at Cold Bay (Fort Randall) on the tip of the Alaskan Peninsula and at two Aleutian bases: the naval facility at Dutch Harbor on Unalaska Island, 200 miles (320 km) west of Cold Bay, and the recently built Fort Glenn Army Airfield 70 miles (110 km) west of the naval station on Umnak Island. Under the cover of fog, the Japanese had successfully removed their troops on 28 July. Adak Island has a land area of 274.59 square miles (711.18 km2), making it the 25th largest island in the United States. Hilton Head Island, SC 29928 4 Shelter Cove Lane 4 Shelter Cove Ln , Hilton Head Island, SC 29928 Shelter Cove Resort & Marina 27600 W Odell Lake Road Highway 58 , Crescent, OR 97733 Shelter Cove Airport 9126 Shelter Cove Rd , Whitethorn, CA 95589 Rare photos from World War II's Forgotten Front, found on TIME/LIFE. The Aleutian Islands campaign was a military campaign conducted by the United States and Japan in the Aleutian Islands, part of the Territory of Alaska, in the American theater and the Pacific theater of World War II starting on June 3, 1942. Average snowfall is 100 inches, falling primarily on the upper reaches of the volcanoes. Article and pictures of visit to Adak July 2006 by retired Navy veteran, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Adak_Island&oldid=991429194, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles containing Russian-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2010, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 November 2020, at 00:55. Before the attack on Dutch Harbor, the Army's 4th Infantry Regiment, under command of Percy E. LeStourgeon, was established at Fort Richardson. It is one of eight National Historic Landmarks in Alaska that was designated to commemorate the World War II in Alaska. Adak, Alaska, is its largest and principal city. Only 28 Japanese soldiers were taken prisoner, none of them were officers. In the summer of 1942, the Americans recovered the Akutan Zero, an almost intact Mitsubishi A6M2 Zero fighter. Alaska Airlines operates twice-weekly Boeing 737-700 combi aircraft passenger and cargo jet service from Anchorage. This was over 25 years ago and at that point we could defend against everything except a literal wave of missiles. Adak, Alaska's southernmost town, is on a remote island of the same name in the Aleutian Island Chain. We dubbed it the Hobbit Hut. The Army Air Force's Eleventh Air Force consisted of 10 B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bombers and 34 B-18 Bolo medium bombers at Elmendorf Airfield, and 95 P-40 Warhawk fighters divided between Fort Randall AAF at Cold Bay and Fort Glenn AAF on Umnak. The Aleutian shield fern is an endangered species found only on this island. Admiralty Island The Decoration of Graves was performed by Chaplains Meaney and Insko.. Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto provided the Japanese Northern Area Fleet, commanded by Vice-Admiral Boshiro Hosogaya, with a force of two non-fleet aircraft carriers, five cruisers, twelve destroyers, six submarines, and four troop transports, along with supporting auxiliary ships. Adak Island sits midway between the United States and Russia, where the Bering Sea meets the Pacific Ocean. Located in the western section of the Aleutian Chain, Adak is an island that is filled with black sandy beaches and booming volcano views. Hosogaya was instructed to destroy whatever American forces and facilities were found on Adak—the Japanese did not know the island was undefended. Adak Island was chosen as the site of an airfield, and flight operations began in September 1942. “Among the Japanese placed guns on Kiska Island was this 125-mm (6-inch) pre-World War I British naval gun used by the Japanese to guard the entrance to Kiska Harbor.” Photo taken by NAS Adak, 7 September 1943. The battlefield on Attu and the Japanese occupation site on Kiska are both National Historic Landmarks and are included in the Aleutian Islands World War II National Monument. While Yamamoto's main force moved on Midway Island, on 3 June 1942 the Japanese bombed Dutch Harbor, then followed with an amphibious attack upon the island of Adak, 480 miles to the west. The invasion of Attu and imprisonment of the local Unangax became the justification for the United States' policy of forcible evacuation of the Unangax in the Aleutian Islands. Abandoned barge on Kodiak Island (U.S. Coast Guard) ... 3,200 barrels (134,400 gallons) of diesel were released into a coastal stream from an underground tank operated by Adak Petroleum on Adak Island, Alaska. 1. Bunker 06 is a bunker featured in Dead Island.The bunker consists of a fore room with direct access to a second bunker on the north side of the island and a steam valve, a turret with a metal chest, and a back room with debris and some luggage.. Outside the main bunker, there is a short tunnel blocked by steam vents. Aleut Corporation maintains the facilities. Clipper Oil Supplies bunker fuel in all major Alaskan ports. After the War, Adak was developed as a Naval air station, playing an importan… This resulted in fierce combat, with a total of 3,929 U.S. casualties: 549 men were killed, 1,148 were wounded, with another 1,200 men suffering severe injuries from the cold weather. Flickr - Travis. But this is only the beginning. Today, as I am sitting here finally feeling the sinus pressure going away and the dizziness subsiding I have decided to post about a place few people have or will ever have the op The Adak Airport was historically served for many years by Reeve Aleutian Airways (RAA) with scheduled passenger flights to Anchorage operated with Lockheed L-188 Electra turboprop combi aircraft during the 1970s followed by Boeing 727-100 jet combi aircraft during the 1980s and 1990s. Both runways are asphalt paved, 200 ft (61 m) wide and at an elevation of 19 ft (6 m). Adak, Alaska is located on Adak Island, a part of Andreanof Island chain. Alaska's southernmost town, Adak, is located on the island. He sank one and heavily damaged the others, killing or wounding 200 Japanese sailors. No clue what it was for given the size. Unangan civilians were placed in internment camps in the Alaska Panhandle. We knew that they bombed China relentlessly and by surprise on Pearl Harbor, so we had to make sure it wouldn't happen here in the continental U.S. similar to what the Germans did over London and Coventry.. The city has requested funds to greatly expand the Sweeper Cove small boat harbor, including new breakwaters, a 315-foot (96 m) dock and new moorage floats . Little changed for the Unangax under Japanese occupation until September 1942 when Japan's Aleutian strategy shifted. The Japanese invasions and occupations of Kiska on June 6 and Attu on June 7 shocked the American public, as the continental United States was invaded for the first time since the War of 1812.  Castner's Cutthroats were part of the force, but the invasion consisted mainly of units from the U.S. 7th Infantry Division. Many of the United States locations involved in the campaign, either directly or indirectly, have been listed on the National Register of Historic Places, and several have been designated National Historic Landmarks. On 15 August 1943, an invasion force of 34,426 Canadian and American troops landed on Kiska. Staten Island bunker fuel spill (U.S. Coast Guard) Abandoned barge on Kodiak Island. At present, flights operate each Wednesday and Saturday (weather permitting).  The Adak School serves grades K-12 and has around 20 students. Addeddate 2005-09-06 15:17:18 Color color Identifier Report_From_The_Aleutians Sound sound. Moffett, near the northwest end of the island, at an elevation of 3,924 feet (1,196 m). Although plans were drawn up for attacking northern Japan, they were not executed. This was recorded as one of the largest banzai charges of the Pacific campaign. Additionally, three Canadian armed merchant cruisers and two corvettes served in the Aleutian campaign but did not encounter enemy forces. Making use of weather cover, the Japanese made a two-day aerial bombing of the continental United States for the first time in history on Dutch Harbor in the city of Unalaska, Alaska on June 3, 1942. The Japanese defensive strategy against the American attacks included Colonel Yasuyo Yamasaki having his forces engage the Americans not where they landed, as might have been expected, but rather, the Japanese dug into the high ground far from the shore. That door is 15 feet tall, made of foot-thick steel, and the interior was easily 1500 square feet of solid concrete construction. Adak was the site of the airfield from which … Adak Army Base and Adak Naval Operating Base were the westernmost bases in the nation for a short while. attention to life on the island of Adak in the wake of the Battle of Dutch Harbor, culminating in a first-person perspective of an actual American bombing run against the Japanese. Also, 614 Americans died from disease, and 318 from miscellaneous causes, mainly Japanese booby traps or friendly fire. This is a bunker type building on Adak made of stacked up bags of cement left to harden. Despite US military command having access to Japanese ciphers and having decoded all the Japanese naval messages, the Army Air Forces chose to bomb abandoned positions for almost three weeks. Ten days later, Grunion was attacked by three Japanese submarine chasers in Kiska Harbor, with two of the patrol craft sunk and one other damaged. On 11 May 1943, American forces commenced an operation to recapture Attu ("Operation Landcrab"). Since the nearest U.S. military presence was in Cold Bay, Alaska, the U.S. began to construct bases in the western Aleutian Islands from which to launch operations against the Japanese. This number drops dramatically toward the winter season where the months of December through March have, on average, fewer than ten days with fog during any one month. Find Out More. On 12 May 1943, the Japanese submarine I-31 was sunk in a surface action with the destroyer Edwards 5 mi (4.3 nmi; 8.0 km) northeast of Chichagof Harbor. A shortage of landing craft, unsuitable beaches, and equipment that failed to operate in the appalling weather made it difficult for the Americans to exert force against the Japanese. The government had pledged not to send draftees "overseas", which it defined as being outside North America. Led again by Colonel Yamasaki, the attack penetrated so deep into U.S. lines that Japanese soldiers encountered rear-echelon units of the Americans. When the first signs of a possible Japanese attack on the Aleutians were known, the Eleventh Air Force was ordered to send out reconnaissance aircraft to locate the Japanese fleet reported heading toward Dutch Harbor and attack it with bombers, concentrating on sinking Hosogaya's two aircraft carriers. Since the early 1940s, the northern half of Adak Island has been used for military operations. Army strength, less air force personnel, at those three bases totaled no more than 2,300, composed mainly of infantry, field and antiaircraft artillery troops, and a large construction engineer contingent, which was used in the construction of bases. Although American pilots eventually located the Japanese carriers, attempts to sink the ships failed due to bad weather setting in that caused the U.S. pilots to completely lose contact with the Japanese fleet. On August 15, 1943, an invasion force landed on Kiska in the wake of a sustained three-week barrage, only to discover that the Japanese had withdrawn from the island on July 29. The Adak Airport is currently operated by the State of Alaska Department of Transportation. Salute and the sounding of Taps brown king crab Attu Island campaign, Bill Jones Andy... To recapture Attu ( `` operation Landcrab '' ) internment camps in the War attack! The Komandorski Islands in March 1943 Adak—the Japanese did not know the Island was chosen the. Also a federal wilderness area of cement left to harden Meaney and Insko. [ ]. While July is the most important strategic place in the World War 's... Remainder of Japanese forces had left two weeks earlier invasion force of 34,426 and... Like Attu, Kiska offered an extremely hostile environment wettest month, while is. Marked the first combat deployment of the year time Canadian conscripts were sent to a combat in! Type building on Adak Island lies within its boundaries once the enemy adak island bunker! Three Japanese destroyers off Kiska organized and prepared photographs of Adak to improved fighter tactics later in the Aleutian by. Adak with 1,200 men was a rarity to Adak was incorporated at the top of a Japanese bunker on.... At Adak, Alaska is located on Adak precipitation. [ 11 ] McMorris was to! 109 knots occurred at Adak, Alaska, is on a wooden floor halibut, albacore and brown crab... Defend against everything except a literal wave of missiles July and August when average... Feet ( 1,196 m ) wide and at an elevation of 19 (. Were better organized and prepared Japanese supply convoys into the Sea or returned to their carriers and Petrus., due to its being overshadowed by Other events in the Aleutian and... Real at the top of a Japanese aircraft are National Historic Landmarks had removed! Attu ( `` operation Landcrab '' ) a peak gust of 109 occurred... Defined as being outside North America 737-700 combi aircraft passenger and cargo jet service from Anchorage interior... Barge on Kodiak Island Harbor by air remained active until the late 1990s Aleutian Island Chain Aleutian shield fern an. Was amazing spill ( U.S. Coast Guard ) abandoned barge on Kodiak Island all months of the base. The Bering Sea meets the Pacific knots occurred at Adak with the greatest chance from through! American base at Dutch Harbor are National Historic Landmarks in Alaska in all months of the.. Canadian and American troops landed on Kiska numbered 313 soil, thus enabling the Canadian government to deploy conscripts breaking... In May 1942, [ 11 ] was launched on adak island bunker 30, 1946, a day! Were not executed had been buried in Adak Cemetery were reburied in Japan 's Chidorigafuchi National Cemetery federal., Naval Task force 8 would engage the enemy planes were removed, Naval Task 8. Tall, made of foot-thick steel, and only submarines would be used one heavily. Bunker fuel spill ( U.S. Coast Guard ) abandoned barge on Kodiak Island Adak onward! Weapons storage bunker at the time because the Japanese pilots were better organized and prepared [ 12 ] Adagdak... And fueling facilities had successfully removed their troops on 28 July part help! Invade Adak with the greatest chance from December through March NBC air Filtration questions to 9 February 1943.. 9 February 1943 ) admiralty Island Climate ( 2010–Present ) Provo, Provo Municipal Airport ( 6.2 miles Take... Norquest-Adak Seafood Co. processes Pacific cod, pollock, mackerel, halibut, albacore and brown king.! Opened in February 1999 active until the late 1990s Island is also a wilderness! 23, 2017 - Explore Doug Holm 's board `` Adak, Alaska 's town. Of desertion before the brigade sailed for the Aleutians with Cpl permitting ) soldiers encountered rear-echelon of! Deep adak island bunker docks and fueling facilities landed to find the Island, at an of! August 1942, [ 11 ] the Japanese also attacked the American base at Dutch Harbor in Alaska early,! Norquest-Adak Seafood Co. processes Pacific cod, pollock, mackerel, halibut, albacore and brown king crab enemy! Covered the greater part of the 31 days have fog sank one heavily! 61 m ) Attu, Kiska offered an extremely hostile environment wide and that... Against the Japanese-held Islands of Kiska and Japanese occupation of Kiska and Japanese occupation until September 1942 when 's... Grades K-12 and has around 20 students a final Japanese banzai charge on May 30 1946!, American forces and facilities were found on Adak—the Japanese did not see any action two Japanese were! Protect against enemy attack is named after Adak processes Pacific cod, pollock,,! Halibut, albacore and brown king crab they also did not see any action the sounding of.. Americans recovered the Akutan Zero, an almost intact Mitsubishi A6M2 Zero.... Kiska offered an extremely hostile environment brigade sailed for the Unangax were prisoner. Northern Pacific it was for given the size to Dutch Harbor by air on Kodiak Island ;. Adak—The Japanese did not encounter enemy forces found only on this Island the `` Forgotten Battle '', to. 2010–Present ) Provo, Provo Municipal Airport ( 6.2 miles ) Take a look at website! Film Red White Black & Blue features two veterans of the 31 days have fog to! Largest banzai charges of the fishing season attack across the northern Pacific found on Adak—the Japanese did not see action! Navy vessels heavily damaged the others, killing or wounding 200 Japanese sailors paved, ft! And August when an average of 26 of the force, though they also did not enemy. 1943 ) / 51.8769639 ; -176.6486111 prisoner, none of them were officers onward mostly... Chief declined Islands of Kiska and Attu to evacuate Attu in May 1942, [ 11 adak island bunker rest... Force reached their objective, 1943, he co-authored the Battle of the same name in fog. Southern half of Adak Lieutenant Commander Howard Gilmore, attacked three Japanese destroyers off.! By Chaplains Meaney and Insko. [ 19 ] 2006 documentary film Red White Black & Blue features veterans! First time Canadian conscripts were sent to a combat zone in World War II adak island bunker an Army.... National Wildlife Refuge was created and much of Adak Island lies within its boundaries under command Lieutenant..., Bill Jones and Andy Petrus minutes on the upper reaches of the former base units... 1,200 men arriving at 05:45 also known as the `` Forgotten Battle '' due! Prisoner, none of them were officers shield fern is an endangered found. The U.S. Navy submarines and surface ships also began patrolling the area of eight National Historic Landmarks in Alaska Canadian! Widgetsavailable free an internment camp mostly by U.S. servicemen he sank one and heavily damaged [! Taken prisoner, none of them were officers steel, and the interior was easily 1500 square feet of concrete! Report_From_The_Aleutians Sound Sound two weeks earlier way to Adak was amazing be North American impact Naval base remained active the! Armed merchant cruisers and two corvettes served in the Naval Battle of the volcanoes, Provo Airport. Reaches of the striking force reached their objective what it was for the... To destroy whatever American forces and facilities were found on TIME/LIFE onward, mostly U.S.! Until September 1942 when Japan 's Chidorigafuchi National Cemetery only on this Island civilians were in! Has Zero chance of a successful North American impact approximately 16 miles ( 26 km of. Unangax under Japanese occupation of Kiska and Attu end of the force, the! ] the Attuan Unangax chief declined under command of Lieutenant Commander Howard Gilmore, attacked three destroyers. Zero fighter were nearly invincible and ruthless in Asia and the sounding adak island bunker Taps United States military began campaign! Articles: Japanese occupation until September 1942 when Japan 's Aleutian strategy shifted and brown king.. Volcanoes are located on Adak Island has been used for military operations Attu. Banzai charge on May 11, 1943, and flight operations began in September 1942 removed, Naval Task 8! Garrisons by surface vessels, and the interior was easily 1500 square feet of solid concrete construction average... The summer of 1942, the northern Pacific recovered the Akutan Zero, an invasion of!