South India remained quiet and Punjab and Bengal were only marginally affected. social, economical (represented by peasants) and political (deposed rulers) participated in the revolt. Books Topper Recommended, UPSC Hence those territories whose kings had no natural heirs were forcibly annexed to British Empire after the death of their respective kings. Details, Madhya Pradesh Therefore, peasants also harbored resentment against the British rule and participated in the mutiny in great numbers. The influx of cheap machine-made goods from Britain made the products of Indian artisans uneconomical. – Computer Science & Information Technology Engg. Tarique Khan, Sociology Syllabus, JEE Main Rank In fact, the revolt of 1857 was the outburst of people´s feelings against, social, economic and political exploitation and hence participants from almost every field i.e. At the time of the establishment of the East India Company, the economic condition of India was much better given that it had a trade surplus with most of its trading partners. A link to reset your password has been sent to. This affected all the sectors of the Indian society. The Economic condition of India was other causes of the Revolt of 1857. Under the burden of excessive taxes, the peasant had become progressively indebted and impoverished. – Civil Engineering Course by Engineers Career Group, GATE Group 1 Answer Key, TPSC While imports of British goods in India attracted low tariffs, very high and almost prohibitive duty was imposed on Indian made goods in Britain. Details, SSC CGL Exam Thus the political factors, i.e. Writing Practice for UPSC Mains, IAS Toppers Almost half the Indian soldiers not only did not Revolt but fought against their own countrymen. 19. Subsidiary alliance and Doctrine of Lapsepolicy hampered the interests of the rulers of the native states 3. Results, JEE Main Exam Online Application Form, GATE PSC, Jammu & Kashmir Syllabus, UPSC Peasants were forced to take loans from moneylenders at usurious rates who often evicted them from their land on non-payment of dues. Britain did not allow India to export manufactured goods that would give competition to Britain's home industries in England (for example-textiles). The company’s trade policy destroyed Indian handicrafts. Answer Key, Previous They adopted mercantilist and protectionist policies to safeguard their own interest while at the same time destroyed the economic life of India by destroying the self-reliant villages of the country and the handicraft and cottage industries which were the backbone of the Indian economy. Pattern, CDS British rule had adversely affected the interest of almost all sections of society and severely affected the way of life in India. PSC Syllabus, HPSC Admit Card, SSC … and Cut off, GATE Exam This disaffection ultimately led to a mass uprising which we know today as the revolt of 1857. Exam Notification, UPSC 2014-2019, e) Therefore, those rulers, who lost their states to the British, were naturally against the British and took sides against them during the revolt. Colonial rule in India led to the systematic destruction of India s economy due to the selfish and predatory economic policies followed by the British. Military Causes: Indian soldiers formed seven-eighth of the total British troops in India. Optional by Majid Husain, Law Optional & Test Series by Aditya Tiwari, Integrated Pre Cum Mains This was done by using the provisions of the Doctrine ofLapse. The revolt of 1857 also known as the Sepoy Mutiny, the Great Rebellion and India s first war of independence was the result of colonial policies of the British Raj and prolonged resentment of different sections of Indian society such as Sepoys, Zamindars, Peasants, Artisans against discriminatory British policies. 4. Application form, RRB JE Admit Many causes led to the outbreak of Revolt 1857. The revolt of 1857 is an important marker in Indian History, and is an area where questions have repeatedly featured in the Civil Services (Prelims) and Civil Services (Mains) Examinations conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). The ‘Drain of Wealth’ impoverished peasants and they thus participated actively in the revolt of 1857. The Causes Of The Rebellion. Online Application Form, IES Exam PSC - Recruitment Notification, Manipur (Judicial), Power Mind Institute Prelims Result, UPSC Mains Recruitment, MPSC Exam There were many political, military, religious, social and economic causes of the Indian rebellion of 1857. - Class XI JEE Main + Advanced Ever since the grant of Diwani was made to the British in 1765, land revenue became an issue of much burden. Prelims / TPSC, Madhya Land levies left no savings with the cultivators so they were not able to invest in the advancement of agriculture. Hence, the productivity of land was reduced over time. the most difficult exams, Live Online. Pattern, RPSC MILITARY CAUSES. Your email address will not be published. This led to extreme resentment among the successors of rulers who died without a natural heir. During that period, the British Empire saw its rise and completion. 1. GDS Soni - Biased tariff rates were set by the British. Here we outline the various political and economic factors that helped cause the revolt. The Revolt of 1857, also regarded as India's First War of Independence is an extremely important event of Indian history. Thus, this one-way free trade led to further destruction of Indian manufacturing industries. Syllabus, UPSC CAPF The peasants were pushed to penury and they borrowed at heavy rates of interest from the moneylenders just for survival. They imposed exorbitant rates of land revenue on poor farmers causing their impoverishment. Course, Target - XII 3. The land rights of these Zamindars were forfeited with frequent use of quo warranto by the British administration. British rule had adversely affected the interest of almost all sections of society and severely affected the way of life in India. Notification, IES 2. So the peasants were forced to grow these commercial cash crops instead of food crops which led to several famines. Ruin of the Mercantile Class. Avadh was annexed in 1856, on charge of mal-administration. It played a major role in the uprising of 1857. The Revolt of 1857, also known as The Indian Rebellion of 1857 was caused by various factors which were political, social, economic and military in nature. Prepare for - Recruitment Notification, TPSC Answer Booklets, History Zamindars, whose land rights were forfeited, harbored resentment against the company and found an opportunity presented by the sepoy mutiny. Optional by Alok Ranjan, GATE Class XI NEET Indian agriculture also provided the fodder, such as cotton, indigo, etc. through GATE, GATE Previous Year Key, UPSC CAPF India was also home to different art and crafts and artisans enjoyed protection from local rulers. Mechanical Prep Strategy, IES d) These policies greatly hampered the interests of the rulers of the native states, and they one by one became victims of British expansionism. The peasantry were never really to recover from the disabilities imposed by the new and a highly unpopular revenue settlement. Course by Academy, Success Mantra IAS British Government had imposed ‘pocket area transformation’, that means, introduction of Permanent Settlement in Bengal, Mahalwari settlement in Central India, and Ryotwari settlement in southern India. Socio-Religious cause: Tutorial, Law Bridge Academy Political cause: Nana sahib was refused pension as he was the adopted son of Peshwa Baji Rao II. Prelims 2020 Answer Key & Cut Off, JKPSC Affairs, Practice Salary, IES - ESE Course, Foundation - digit mobile number, UPSC Exam - Recruitment Notification, NPSC Answer Key, GPSC In 1793, Lord Cornwallis introduced the system of permanent settlement. The peasants were burdened by heavy land revenue, last their lands to landlords and moneylenders. Tutorial (RRB), UPSC 21 RELIGIOUS CAUSES Answer Key, GATE Class XII JEE Main + Advanced Interview, Free IAS Tutorial, GATE Engineers Career Group, Qaisar Hafiz - Its causes lay deeply embedded in the grievances that all sections of Indian society nurtured against the British rule. These three settlements were highly exploitative, and in particular, the Permanent settlement had created a devastating impact. the email address associated with your account, and we will email The practice of sati was abolished. This policy became one of the causes of the Revolt of 1857. NEET Course, Fresher - British came to power in 1757; Indians, in 1857, felt that the British rule had come to an end and they ought to be ousted. The most important cause of the discontent was the economic exploitation of the country by the British. PSC - Exam Pattern and Syllabus, Meghalaya Child marriage, infanticide and polygamy were not allowed. There was little left with him after paying the taxes. Under this, many states, like Satara, Jaitpur, Sambhalpur, Jhansi, were captured by the British who expanded recklessly. Answer Key, PPSC off, Current The imperialist policy of the East India Company was an important factor. Major Causes Of 1857 Revolt Major Causes Of 1857 Revolt.